Litigation and Arbitration

Our firm offers litigation and arbitration services including company and commercial disputes,   debt collection procedures, labor disputes, tax disputes and administrative procedures.   We represent our clients in all court instances...

Litigation and Arbitration

Intellectual Property

Our firm provides a broad range of legal services related to the protection of trademarks, patents,   appellations of origin and industrial designs including - Registration, maintenance and renewal of trademarks and patents ...

Intellectual Property


Law Office Ivan Bojov advises on all legal issues arising out of the employment or engagement of employees, managers, directors or freelancers.


Family & Heritage Law

Our firm handles all aspects of wills, tax and estate planning including advice on the heritage regulations, advice on wills and preparation of wills...

Family & Heritage Law

Tax Law & Accounting Services

Our firm offers taxation consultancy, representation before the tax authorities and administrative and court appeals against illegal acts of the tax administration...

Tax Law & Accounting Services

Work & Residence Permits

Our firm offers advice on the labor possibilities for foreign citizens on the territory of the Republic of Bulgaria and preparation of the list of documents necessary for the application for a work permit...

Work & Residence Permits

Company & Commercial

The law firm of Ivan Bojov is recognized for its ability to understand the   commercial objectives of its clients and to protect their   business interests in the most effective way...

Company & Commercial

Real estate & Condominium

Based on your intentions for investments in Real estates in Bulgaria we could offer you a full set of legal services which according to our professional opinion are required and enough to protect your interests in best possible way through a purchase of apartment, house, or any other type of properties...

Real estate & Condominium

faqs.jpg Here you will find the most often asked FAQs.

Company & Commercial

Q1. Who can form a Limited Liability Company (LLC) & how?
A1. Any foreign or Bulgarian person (judicial or physical) could establish a LLC. The person/persons would be liable to the company's obligations up to the value of his/hers share in the company's registered capital. The shareholders conduct preliminary discussions on the commercial activities they intend to engage in. Based on their agreement, Articles of Incorporation are prepared & signed by all shareholders.

Q2. What are the steps for the company formation?

  1. Provide us with Capital owner details in order to prepare the required Company documents.
  2. Choose a Company name.
  3. Choose a Company manager.

  4. Be ready with the company capital amounting of BGN 2 (EUR 1) to be put in a Company Gathering account – this is the minimum amount of capital required by the law.
  5. There are state fees and charges amounting of less than BGN 100 (EUR 50) in case of electronic submission of the Company documents to the Commercial Register. 
  6. After the Company capital is in the Gathering account, the state fees are paid and all the Company documents are signed we may submit them to the Commercial registrar. The Company will be registered in five business days term.

Q3. Should the company be registered under Value Added Tax (VAT) Law?
A3. There are two reasons for registering under VAT – voluntary and obligatory. Voluntary registration can be arranged at any time. Obligatory registration should be arranged right after the company turnover reaches BGN 50 000 (EUR 25 000) for a period not longer than 12 months.

Company & Commercial

Work & Residence Permits

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Work & Residence Permits

Litigation and Arbitration

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Litigation and Arbitration

Tax Law & Accounting Services

Q1. The most favourable tax regime in EU!


10% Corporate Income Tax

10% Personal Income Tax

 5% Withholding Tax on dividends and liquidation quotas

Tax Law & Accounting Services

Family & Heritage Law

Coming Soon

Family & Heritage Law

Intellectual Property

Q1. What is intellectual property?

A1. Wherever we go, we are surrounded by intellectual property.

Intellectual property determines and protects human innovations and creations.

1. Trade marks signal the origin of products to consumers

2. Designs specify how products look

3. Copyright relates to artistic creations, such as music, films, books, paintings, etc.

4. Patents protect technical inventions in all fields of technology

Note: Thoughts and ideas do not fall within the scope of intellectual property.

Q2. What is a trademark?

A2. Trade marks are signs used in trade to identify products. Your trade mark is the symbol your customers use to pick you out. It distinguishes you from your competitors. You may protect your trade mark if you register it.

Q3. Where to register?

A3. If you trade in one country of the European Union you may register your trade mark at a national office.

If you do business in more than one EU country, an European Union trade mark (EUTM) offers you protection throughout the EU. EUTMs are registered in the European Union Intellectual Property Office (EUIPO). An EUTM gives the owner protection for all EU Member States in one single registration.

Q4. What are the benefits of registering a trade mark?


1. Protects your brand value

2. Creates an asset

3. Defends against rival marks

4. Determines your rights

5. Prevents counterfeiting and fraud

Q5. Who can be the owner of a trade mark?

A5. Any natural or legal person, including authorities established under public law.

Q6. What is a product/good or a service?

A6. Products/goods: any kind of item, which may traded.

Service: the provision of activities in accordance with human needs.

The International Classification of Goods and Services for the Purposes of the Registration of Marks (Nice Agreement) serves to determine the scope of protection of trade marks. The Nice Classification is a classification of goods and services for the purposes of registering trade marks. Its use is mandatory for applicants of a trade mark.

Q7. What is the difference between a design and a trade mark?

A7. A design is essentially intended to determine the shape of a product.

A trade mark is also applied to the product. But, its main function is to identify a particular trade origin in connection with specific goods and/or services.

Q8. What does the obligation to use a trade mark mean?

A8. It means that a trade mark has to be put to genuine use in connection with the goods and/or services in respect of which it is registered within 5 years period following registration.

Intellectual Property

Real Estate & Condominium

Q1. What is available on the market?

A1. The market offers large variety these days – from residental properties – houses, villas, apartments - to holiday temporarly used second homes – summer or winter. Also, in many different areas of the country retirement villages are being developed, which because of the nice weather conditions in the country are highly attractive to foreign visitors.

Q2. Is it better to buy off plan apartment in Bulgaria? 

A2. Ordinary buying off-plan property in Bulgaria is more attractive because new apartments and houses are built to a higher standard with more facilities on the complexes that appeal to foreign buyers and holiday makers. Other reason to buy off-plan is because the new property will not be built for another 12-24 months and you are buying into a development at an early stage - it is cheaper and in some cases buyer can require additional extras for the interior or room disposition. The prices for similar properties for sale in Bulgaria would be significantly higher, as the past trend showed a good capital growth for properties in Bulgaria.

Q3. How long would it take to actually become an owner of a property in Bulgaria?

A3. Buying a property in Bulgaria varies depending on the type of property one buys (a house or an apartment), also on the fact whether the property is purchased off-plan or completed. Generally it would take 3-5 weeks to buy a completed estate.

Q4What are transfer fees when buying a property in Bulgaria?

A4. There are notary and municipal fees, connected to the process of buying property in Bulgaria. The notary fees are calculated as a percentage of the purchase price. Depending on this the transfer expenses may vary between 3.5 to 4.5%.

Q5What kind of tax should I owe for my property in Bulgaria?

A5. Amount of taxes and fees are based on the property location in Bulgaria. Properties' owners are liable to two kinds of tax - property tax (paid on annual basis on 0.15% of the property value - the valuation is calculated by tax department and is much lower than market price) and annual waste collection tax (it is calculated based on value of the property and depends on location and municipality - vary from 1.6 to 5 per 1000).

Q6. Can I rent my Bulgarian property?

A6. A good quality ski chalet or seaside villa can generate excellent short-let yields. There are many successful companies that manage the marketing and provide reservations systems for ski chalet rentals.

Q7. How much should we expect to pay for an acre of land in Bulgaria?

A7. It is strongly depend of location of land. The land close to Black Sea, in biggest cities or biggest ski resorts are most expensive than in countryside.

Q8. Can I purchase property without coming to Bulgaria?

A8. Yes. It is strongly recommended to have a trusted person to act on your behalf under power of attorney.

Q9. I have bought an agricultural land. Can I make a building there and what are the laws for building on this land?

A9. Necessary actions depend of type of the building you want:

  • If you want to build house: First - You must change the status of the land. If it is a large area you can change the status of part of the land only (for example 300m2) where you want to build. Then you need permission from Municipality's head architect (you must give him document for ownership, plans, schemes, etc.).
  • If you want to build small extensions (log cabins, etc.) you do not need any permission and changing the status of the land.

Q10. Do I need a Solicitor for property bargain?

A10. You will need an advocate/notary public and we do recommend you take independent legal advice. It is their legal obligation to make sure all documents are correctly issued and truth.

Q11. What are the stages of process when I buy property in Bulgaria?

A11. In general the steps are:

  1. Choose property: Select your property from Internet or other source or give your preferences for property to a Real Estate Agency and they will select properties by your criteria
  2. Negotiations and inspection visit: assure of condition of selecting property. Would be a good idea to arrange a trip to look at the properties and the investment opportunities
  3. Start of legal procedures, concerned the checking of the property /mortgages/
  4. Preparation of all necessary documents for signing the Preliminary contract. At this stage, first charges occur: deposit payable to the owner which normally varies between 10 and 30% depending on the property.
  5. Sign the final contract in form of Notary Deed: This is basically the last stage of the purchase process where the ownership of the property is transferred and balance of the purchase price paid to the owner. At this final stage, the Notary expenses must be paid.

Q12. Are there any after purchase actions which are required by the legislation?

A12. Yes, the new owner (а foreign citizen) is obliged to register in the Bulstat Register within 7 days after the notary deed is signed. Then in some areas of the country – a registration of the new owner has to be arranged in Cadastre Agency. After that a tax registration of the property in the local council has to be arranged as well.

Q13. What is a condominium?

A13. A set of rules (legal rules, internal regulations and resolutions of the general meeting), governing relations between homeowners in a building where there are architecturally distinct individual units (apartments / offices) owned by different owners.

Q14. What is a maintenance charge?

A14. Remuneration paid outside utility costs, in favor of a natural or legal person who is assigned to work on maintenance of common areas in the building.

Real Estate & Condominium


Coming Soon!